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M1 Garand

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The M1 Garand, used by the USMC and U.S Army Soldiers in The War of the Worlds (1953), is a semi-automatic, gas-operated, rifle and was the standard infantry weapon of the United States Armed Forces from 1936 to 1957.

HistoryEdit

Designed by Dr. John Garand at Springfield Armory in 1923 as a replacement for the M1903 bolt action rifle, the M1 was used by the United States military during World War II. Development concepts on what would become the M1 Garand began in 1919, but testing of semi-automatic rifles in the U.S. had began as far back as slightly before WWI.[1] So many M1s had been produced that by 1941, the United States Army was well equipped and the increase in rate of fire gave an advantage over German and Japanese bolt-action rifles. This sparked interest in semi and fully automatic weapons. The Garand was used throughout World War II and some of its variants were used as well. The Garand was later nicknamed the gun that won the war. The M1 was used even after World War II in the Korean and Vietnam Wars. It was gradually phased out and replaced by its descendant, the M14 rifle. The M1 is still used today by the US Military for ceremonial purposes.

NotesEdit

  1. The M1 was originally designed for the .276 Pedersen, but reliability issues led it to be only suited to the 30-06
  2. John Garand was also the main driving force behind the M-14 and a number of civilian sporter rifles, he also had a lot of experiments with inline stocks and side mounted magazine feed systems
  3. The name "Garand" in "M1 Garand" was never officially recognized by the military, it was and still is today only known in the military as "US Rifle Cal. 30 M1". The "Garand" nomenclature began when the rifle was retired and went on the surplus civilian market in the 1960s and '70s, by that time John Garand had become well known, during its time in service, it was only known as the "M1 rifle" or simply "M1" and never "M1 Garand"
  4. A Carbine version of the Garand was fielded in 1943, known as the "Tanker" it had 6 inches of the fore stock and barrel cut down, resulting in a shortened M1 rifle that was easy to fit in and be used in tanks and armored vehicles, hence the name "Tanker"[2]

SourcesEdit

  1. http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/smallarms/p/m1garand.htm
  2. http://world-war-2.wikia.com/wiki/M1_Garand

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